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Glossary

In this list, you will find explanations of some terms frequently used in connection with Information Security. These will be explained in as simple terms as possible.

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Internet Service Providers (ISP)

This is the provider of Internet access, i. e. the organisation or company which enables users to connect their computer to the Internet. At a fee, they grant a connection to the Internet via cable connections, telephone lines or satellite links.


Jailbreak

Non-authorized removal of usage restrictions, in particular with smartphones. With a Jailbreak, special software is used to modify the operating system to obtain access to internal functions and the file system. As a result, the security and stability of your operating system can be severely affected.


Java

This is an object-orientated and platform-independent programming language. To run Java programs, the Java runtime environment will have to be installed on a computer.


JavaScript

This is a script language for the dynamic design of websites. Using JavaScript, you can for instance display tickers (for current events, offers, etc.) or search suggestions during input.


Key loggers

Malware logging the keyboard entries of users hoping to capture log-in data, for instance to e-banking facilities, this way.


Local Area Network (LAN)

A LAN is a local network. Inside such a network, work stations, servers and auxiliary devices are connected to each other across a distance of a few hundred meters, usually inside a building or group of buildings.


Log-in

This is the process of logging in, for instance to use a computer or an online service. This process usually serves to advise the system that a session is about to start now, and that users would like to be connected to one of their user accounts, e. g. their e-banking account.


Log-out

This is when users log out of systems. Users instruct the system to terminate the current session this way.


Malware

The term malware is made up of the terms «malicious» and «software». Malware is the generic term for software executing harmful functions on a computer (e. g. viruses, worms, Trojans, ransomware).


Man-in-the-Middle (MitM)

With a Man-in-the-Middle attack, malicious software will intervene into an e-banking session by interposing itself unnoticed between a user’s computer and a financial institution’s server, to then take control of data traffic.



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